Facial nerve paralysis is a common problem that involves the paralysis of any structures innervated by the facial nerve. The pathway of the facial nerve is long and relatively convoluted, so there are a number of causes that may result in facial nerve paralysis. Facial nerve paralysis is characterised by facial weakness, usually only in one side of the face, with other symptoms possibly including loss of tastehyperacusis and decreased salivation and tear secretion.
The following information can guide providers in their treatment of patients with facial nerve disorders and inform them about the right time to contact the Facial Nerve Clinic for a referral. Approximately 70 percent of facial nerve palsies are considered Bell's palsy. The facial nerve is responsible for many functions in the head and neck including movement of facial muscles, stimulating secretions of tears and saliva and translation of sensory information.
Here we list some of the many causes of facial paralysis:. Congenital facial palsy is where facial paralysis is present at birth. Facial palsy can also be caused by trauma to the facial nerve during delivery. We can only continue our work with your help, please consider making a donation to Facial Palsy UK today.
Error: This is required. Error: Not a valid value. Often, facial droop will get better by itself, but sometimes the cause is a serious problem — such as a stroke — so you should see a doctor if you notice your face is drooping.
Facial paralysis is a loss of facial movement due to nerve damage. Your facial muscles may appear to droop or become weak. It can happen on one or both sides of the face.
Every person that is affected by swallowing difficulties dysphagia after a stroke, also has a central facial dysfunction or paralysis central facialis pares : usually caused by an injury in one of the two brain hemispheres. The injury is indicated by paralysis in the lower half of the face on the opposite side to the injured hemisphere, and can be, for example, one side of the mouth drooping. It affects between 20 perto 40 perpeople per year which in the UK means between 12, and 24, people per year. Facial paralysis is caused by injury to the facialis nerves or their cores in the brainstem.
It is important to give your body time to heal. Specialists recommend that patients rest the affected area for at least three months after initial consultation as most patients will experience complete recovery. In many cases of facial nerve weakness, providers may prescribe an oral steroid that will help to reduce inflammation irritation of the facial nerve.