The CMGs are guidelines on the diagnosis and management of a range of common and rare, but important, eye conditions that present with varying frequency in primary and first contact care. Please login to view the images or join the College today. Other causes of paralysis of the facial nerve, which are not addressed in this Clinical Management Guideline, include:.
Facial paralysis is a loss of facial movement due to nerve damage. Your facial muscles may appear to droop or become weak. It can happen on one or both sides of the face.
Here we list some of the many causes of facial paralysis:. Congenital facial palsy is where facial paralysis is present at birth. Facial palsy can also be caused by trauma to the facial nerve during delivery.
Our team of experienced specialists takes a multidisciplinary approach to the wide range of conditions that cause this problem, collaborating closely with experts in neurotology neurological disorders of the head and neckophthalmology, physical therapy and rehabilitation, and facial plastic and reconstructive surgery to customize a care plan for each patient using the latest treatments available, all in one setting. There are various causes of facial paralysis—including illnesses and injuries—which are broadly categorized as follows:. Almost all viral or bacterial conditions that cause facial paralysis including the following can be treated with medication.
Bell's Palsy. Causes of facial paralysis or facial weakness include trauma to the face or skull, a tumor in the head and neck, among other causes. Diagnosis of chronic facial paralysis is performed by a clinician, and may include electrodiagnostic testing in some cases.
The term facial palsy generally refers to weakness of the facial muscles, mainly resulting from temporary or permanent damage to the facial nerve. When a facial nerve is either non-functioning or missing, the muscles in the face do not receive the necessary signals in order to function properly. There are different degrees of facial paralysis: sometimes only the lower half of the face is affected, sometimes one whole side of the face is affected and in some cases both sides of the face are affected.