Correspondence Address : Dr. Penile-sparing modalities are gaining widespread adoption for the management of low-stage penile cancer due to an increasing demonstration of sound oncologic, cosmetic, sexual, psychosocial, and quality of life outcomes. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the respective treatment options in the armamentarium of the practicing urologist in dealing with this rare but problematic condition.
Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. Doctors are working to learn more about penile cancer, ways to prevent it, how to best treat it, and how to provide the best care to men diagnosed with this disease.
Penile Cancer is a malignant growth found on the skin or in the tissues of the penis. Other types of penile cancer such as Merkel cell carcinomasmall cell carcinoma and melanoma are generally rare. Penile cancer arises from precursor lesions, which generally progress from low-grade to high-grade lesions.
Estimated new cases and deaths from penile and other male genital cancer in the United States in [ 1 ]. Penile cancer is rare in most developed nations, including the United States, where the rate is less than 1 permen per year. Some studies suggest an association between human papillomavirus HPV infection and penile cancer. When diagnosed early stage 0stage Iand stage IIpenile cancer is highly curable.
The treatment options for penile cancer are based mainly on the stage extent and grade of the cancer, but other factors can also be important. Here are the most common treatment options based on the stage of the cancer. Stage 0 includes 2 types of tumors: carcinoma in situ CIS and verrucous carcinoma.
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The incidence of penile cancer in Europe lies in the range of 0. Carcinogenesis is associated with human papilloma virus HPV infection and with chronic inflammation. Chronic preputial inflammation due to phimosis or lichen sclerosus is often associated with penile cancer.
Penile cancer, or cancer of the penis, is a relatively rare form of cancer that affects the skin and tissues of the penis. It occurs when normally healthy cells in the penis become cancerous and begin to grow out of control, forming a tumor. The cancer may eventually spread to other areas of the body, including the glands, other organs, and lymph nodes. The American Cancer Society estimates approximately 2, cases of penile cancer are diagnosed in the United States every year.
Penile cancer is a rare and potentially disfiguring disease. There are multiple treatment options for primary penile lesions. Penile sparing approaches offer an attractive option as they can provide several quality of life benefits without detrimental oncologic outcomes.